Bamboo Fabric and its Sustainability

Bamboo fabric is a kind of environmentally friendly fabric that is made of all-natural ingredients like bamboo. This fabric has widely been used in the textile industry. Although it is an eco-friendly, sustainable fibers, some kinds of bamboo fabric will be harmful to the environment as well as for workers. This fabric is widely used in the textile industry for its durability, breathability, comfort, and functionality. Read this article to know more details about the bamboo fabric.

What is Bamboo Fabric?

Bamboo is a natural fiber made fabric from the bamboo plant. Historically bamboo was famous for its infrastructural raw materials. But in Asia, Bamboo was known for sustainable uses like the medicine industry, the paper industry as well as in textiles textile manufacturing industry. Recently different methods and technologies have been developed to enhance bamboo fiber to fabric as well as produce the textile product.

In the current world situation, we need to think of all the alternatives that have a positive impact on the environmentIn this case, we should pay more attention to the textile industry. If we can make all the environmentally friendly textile sustainable materials, it is good for us.

Bamboo textile is one such fabric made of eco-friendly natural ingredients. As the name implies, these fabrics are mainly made of bamboo, which is generally a natural material. In a word, we can say that bamboo fabrics are a kind of eco-friendly fabrics that are mainly made of bamboo.

Bamboo is natural cellulose regenerate biodegradable fabric material that is also eco-friendly. It is not only a sustainable textile fiber but also possesses antibacterial as well as UV protection properties, making it a unique eco-friendly fabric material in the 21st century.

Bamboo clothing has a complicated history. While particular forms of this fabric are eco-friendly and ethically created, others may be affecting the environment or the humans who manufacture them. It’s critical to learn more about the fabric business surrounding bamboo before choosing the proper type of bamboo cloth.

What Is Bamboo Fabric Made Of?

Bamboo fabric is one of the most eco-friendly, sustainable and biodegradable fabrics. The main ingredient of this fabric is bamboo that is a wholly natural material. Bamboo textiles contain a large amount of cellulose which is separated by processing to make the yarn which is known as bamboo yarn. Later the cloth is woven by this yarn.

In other words, the main component of bamboo fabric is bash or yarn made from bash. However, depending on the production process, other chemicals may be used at different times, which are harmful to the environment.

How is Bamboo Fabric Made?

The first step in making bamboo fabric is to supply the bus as the primary material. The main component of bamboo fabric is bash which is produced naturally. So first, you have to plant the bamboo. The best time to plant bash is Spring [March-June].

how is bamboo made into fabric
how is bamboo made into fabric?

Bamboo may be harvested after new shoots appear. The rainy season is usually over, and a new dry season is about to begin. Once the bamboo is mature, it can be used to start fabric production. How are bamboo fabrics made is discussed step by step below and the bamboo manufacturing process as well.

Step-01: Slice Bamboo Small Strip

Identify the node as well as the bottom ring, also referred to as the sheathing ring, using a metal or wood saw. It also is critical to select a 45° angle line between both the nodes before cutting it. While cutting bamboo, use caution and never dump the culms on concrete or other hard surfaces.

Step-02: Make Bamboo Pulp

To create a bamboo pulp, smash the plant and then cut the stalks into tiny pieces of bamboo fibers. Afterward, using the pulper, put chips in it, increase the temperature to 145°C in the filter press, and steamed it to obtain bamboo pulp.

Step-03: Blending of Enzyme

Manufacturers immerse cellulose in a 15-20gm/L caustic soda or sodium hydroxide at 20-25°C. To make long fibers, pour the water through with a filter. Producers soak bamboo pieces in chemicals for about 1-3 hours to extract the cellulose and afterward convert the substance into sheets.

Step-04: Spin it into Yarn

Bamboo Fiber
Bamboo Fiber

It’s essential to let the material dry afterward soaking so that the fiber may be separated and spun in the thread, which can then be spun into the fiber threads. Bamboo yarns are unique in that they have natural flexibility of 20%.

Step-05: Weave into fabric

Manufacturers convert yarn to fabric using the weaving technique of textile manufacturing. There are many techniques to select from, and each has an impact on the cloth’s qualities, so each maker must determine which one best fits his requirements.

In the following video will know briefly, how to make fabric from bamboo?

How is bamboo made into fabric?

Bamboo Fabric Properties

Fabric Name Bamboo fabric
Others Name of Bamboo FabricBamboo rayon, bamboo linen bamboo yarn
Fabric materialsBamboo yarns
possible thread count300-600
Breathability of Bamboo fabricVery breathable
Moisture-wicking capabilityExcellent
Heat retention capabilitiesAverage
Prone to bubblingHigh
StretchabilityGood
washing temperaturesWarm
Mostly used inHousehold and Garments Applications

Types of Bamboo fabric

Bamboo fabric is divided into three parts based on the production process. In other words, there are three variants of bamboo fabric based on the production process. These are bamboo viscose, lyocell bamboo fabric and fine bamboo fiber. These fabrics are discussed in detail below.

a. Bamboo Viscose Fabric:

Compared to certain other viscose fabrics, the bamboo viscose fabric looks and feels exactly the same. Customers should be cautious of confusing this kind of textile with natural mechanically manufactured bamboo fabric since the advantages of the former are not evident in the latter.

b. Lyocell Bamboo Fabric:

Comparable to viscose, Lyocell fabric is produced using a closed-loop manufacturing process. Bamboo fabric manufactured mechanically maintains many positive characteristics seen in naturally generated bamboo fabric because the cellulose utilized in the manufacturing process does not change its chemical composition.

c. Fine Bamboo Fabric:

It is one of the best options that consider authentic bamboo fabric when it comes to fine bamboo fabric. Although it is more costly and takes longer to make, its advantages much outweigh the drawbacks of non-mechanically manufactured textiles.

Are Bamboo Clothes Sustainable?

Bamboo itself is a highly durable crop as one of the naturally growing materials. Fabrics made from bash tend to be very soft, breathable and durable, one step above polyester and conventional cotton. Moreover, made with natural ingredients, it is an eco-friendly fabric. Bamboo clothing is now the most fashionable sustainable cloth in the ethical fashion industry.

Although the majority of bamboo fabric on the market is a kind of rayon that, through a lengthy manufacturing process and includes hazardous chemicals, recent years have seen changes with how these substances are handled, which would be a positive step forward. Bamboo cloth is, of course, a safe choice as a much more sustainable option as long as the company is open about its origin.

While lyocell is probably the more environmentally friendly option, it isn’t easy to come by. Look for environmentally friendly materials, such as natural flax, for certain kinds of apparel. Some factors being equal, cotton yarn or viscose would be a good option from an environmental standpoint in other instances, particularly the cloth dyeing process.

Is Bamboo Fabric Biodegradable? 

Bamboo is a fast-growing plant that requires minimal agricultural inputs as well as no pesticides. Organic Cotton needs a lot of water and a lot of pesticides, both of which damage the environment. Bamboo absorbs more greenhouse gas emissions and provides more oxygen, as well as its roots, help to stabilize soil that is prone to erosion.

Bamboo fiber is a one-of-a-kind biodegradable fabric. Bamboo fabric, being a cellulose fibers fiber, can indeed be completely biodegraded on the soil by microbes and sunshine. The breakdown process does not pollute the environment in any way. Bamboo fiber is derived from nature and eventually returned to it.

Is Bamboo Fabric Bad for The Environment?

Since bash is a natural ingredient and it grows naturally, it does not have any effect on the environment in cultivation. That means bash as the material of the fabric does not create any negative environmental impact. Considering this aspect, bamboo fabrics are eco-friendly fabric, and it does not have any negative impact on the environment.

However, although the cultivation method of bamboo is natural and environmentally friendly, the process of making viscose from bamboo is considered harmful. Although there is no risk of exposure to toxic chemicals when consumers wear or use bamboo cloth, various hazardous substances are used to convert raw bamboo into cellulose, which is used to make rayon.

A chemical called carbon disulfide is used to produce rayon from bash. Carbon disulfide is a highly harmful chemical that causes various harms to humans. Exposure can lead to liver damage, liver damage, mental illness, and even a heart attack. Moreover, the lye used to convert bamboo into suitable material is not usually reused. It adversely affects the environment and pollutes the environment.

It is essential to highlight that genuine bamboo fiber may be manufactured in a manner that is not detrimental to the environment. Most of the bamboo fabric is rayon, which implies that the practice of degradation of the environment is utilized to produce this textile. Similar textiles of lyocell may be produced using bamboo, as well as lyocell manufacturing method does not generate any harmful waste.

Characteristics of Bamboo Fabric

Bamboo fabric is considered to be one of the most sustainable and biodegradable fabrics in the textile industry. This fabric comes with some functional features like softness, durability, better breathable. It is widely used as an environmentally friendly fabric. All the beneficial properties and features of this fabric are discussed below_

a. Soft and Breathable

Manufactures with all-natural ingredients, the Bamboo fabric is excellently soft and comfortable. This fabric comes with excellent breathable functionality.

b. Excellently Durable

This fabric is not only comfortable and breathable but also features excellent durability. Due to its durability feature, it is widely used in household applications.

c. Biodegraded Fabric

Bamboo fiber decomposes naturally without releasing harmful pollutants into the environment. Made with the whole natural process; this fabric is Eco-friendly. It’s biodegradable since it’s made entirely of cellulosic material.

d. Moisture Absorption

Bamboo Fibers have micro-gaps, as well as micro-holes in their cross-section, providing superior moisture absorption as well as ventilation. Because of its remarkable soil release, bamboo has double the moisture absorption of cotton.

e. UV absorption

The cloth produced from bamboo has a high level of UV absorption. It shields the skin from the sun’s ultraviolet radiation. Women who are pregnant and toddlers may wear it, and it’s safe to use on them.

Bamboo Fabric Applications

Bamboo Fabric has received a considerable response in the textile industry at present as an environmentally friendly fabric. Like other fabrics, this fabric has breathable, stretchable and has good durability, so it is widely used in the production of various products in the textile industry. In the textile sector, bamboo fabric is used more in household products.

In addition to blankets, bed sheets, mattresses, towels, hand towels, bamboo fabric produces various household applications. Bamboo fabric is also widely used in the garment sector for its softness and durability. Apart from T-shirts, underwear, socks, other applications in the garment industry are made of bamboo fabric.

Because of its antimicrobial properties, this cloth is famous among many. However, bamboo viscose and comparable semi-synthetic textiles lack the genuine thing’s softness and flexibility, although they are unquestionably better at fighting germs than synthetic materials. It’s crucial to keep in mind that only mechanically processed bamboo cloth maintains its health benefits.

Final Thought

We should think of all environment-friendly textile solutions to keep pace with the demands in the current environment. Bamboo fabric is an eco-friendly fabric that reduces the negative impact on the environment. Moreover, it retains the biodegradable properties of natural ingredients.

Due to its various functional properties, high demand for this fabric is noticed in the green textile industry day by day. There are some categories in this fabric made using chemicals that have an adverse effect on the environment. You should consider an environmentally friendly fabric to prevent a negative impact on the environment.

Md Mahedi Hasan
Md Mahedi Hasan

About the author

This is Mahedi Hasan, a Textile Engineer, as well as a textile content writer, and web designer. My department is Apparel Engineering. I have studied in B.Sc. in Textile Engineering from Textile Engineering College, Noakhali (TECN). I am passionate about content writing. That's why I established this website to enhance my Textile Blogging skills.

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