A Brief Introduction to the Garment Design Process

Md Mahedi Hasan

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It is challenging to bring the best outcome in the garment industry, from conceptualizing the design to creating the final garments. Thanks to the garment design process, which involves several stages. Although most credit goes to the garment design process, the adjustments are made by the designer based on their experience in handling the garment.

What is Garment Design in Textiles?

Garment design is an integrated version of combining all design elements, starting from color, texture, lines, shape, and proportion to rhythm, harmony, and balance. Each element contributes to the wearer’s visual dynamics and psychological comfort.  

Image: Garment Design in Textiles

The process that involves all design elements conceptualizing the idea of the design and ending up with the finished product is known as the garment design process. Besides, the same garment design process determines the features of the quality and values of the garment.

Steps Involved in the Garment Design Process

The garment design process moderately includes three main stages. An outline of the general steps involved in garment design is provided below:

Model Design: First Stage

Step 01: Concept Development

In this step, the designer conceptualizes the garment design based on specific considerations. They are Current market trends, target customer preferences, and brand identity. 

Image: Garment Model Design

The concept development that contributes to the garment design process are:

  • Selection of appropriate fabrics

Appropriate fabrics must be selected based on the garment design, use, and season.

Step 02: Research and Inspiration

The garment design process begins with the designer’s inspiration from culture or fashion trends. Research is a part of this step to collect information regarding the design, fabric types, and color pallets.

Image: Garment Design Research and Inspiration

Step 03: Sketching

After that, the designer creates initial sketches of the garment. The step also involves the designer experimenting with colors and fabrics and designing collaboratively with the team. Sketching is possible through both manual and computerized methods. 

Image: Garment Design Sketching
Image: Garment Design Sketching
  • Sketching and Drafting

It is the designer’s task to sketch the design on paper or computer to get the hard copy or digital version.

Step 04: Concept Adjustments

By taking feedback and considering the factors, the designer can adjust concepts and select the desired fabrics to implement the design.

Image: Design Concept Adjustments

Step 05: Technical Details

Technical details include measurements, construction of the pattern, and production of the garment through a blueprint.

Image: Technical Details

Pattern-Design: Second Stage

Step 06: Prototype Creation

To test the fit and functionality of the garment, the designer makes a prototype. They might also modify the design in response to suggestions from the prototype. Another name for it is the “sample-making process.”

Image: Prototype Creation
Image: Prototype Creation
  • Pattern Making

This technique is about making a pattern based on the design to get the blueprint for fabric cutting.

Image: Pattern Making
Image: Pattern Making
  • Making of Sample

This is how a design becomes a reality when the designer makes a sample garment to test its fit, comfort, and overall functionality.

Image: Making of Sample
Image: Making of Sample

Production: Third Stage

Step 08: Finalizing the Concept

After the designer is satisfied with the concept, they work with the production team to discuss the design and prepare it for manufacturing.

Image: Finalizing the Concept
Image: Finalizing the Concept

Usually, the garment design process involves the bulk order from the client to get their preferences in reality, from concept development to sample-making and the end of the concept in the production of the garment. 

Things to remember in the Garment Design Process

In any garment design, several considerations must be made to ensure the successful creation of garments. They are:

  • Target Audience and Market

Before the garment design, it is essential to understand your target audience’s preferences and needs and whether the design resonates with their comfort.

  • Functionality

The garment, which goes through the process, must serve the purpose of function in both a visually appealing way and for practicality. 

  • Fit and Proportions

A well-fitting garments come up with adjustments, comfort, and style.

  • Market Trends

It is essential to be informed about current fashion trends and consumer preferences. 

Conclusion

To sum up, the garment design process in the garment industry is complex, involving the integration of technical know-how, creativity, and meticulous attention to detail to realize fashion ideals. A careful balance between practicality, aesthetics, and market awareness is required throughout the intricate and iterative process that results in the finished product.

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