What is Apparel Production Process?
The apparel production process is a well-organized series of steps that include pattern creation, marking, cutting, stitching, pressing, packing, and so on. That is the transformation of raw textile materials into finished goods: apparel. Apparel is the final output of the clothing manufacturing process.
It would be impossible to sustain in the garments factory if perfect apparel production is not produced. However, if the textile material preparation process can not complete correctly, the phase of material preparation will be detected.
The apparel production process starts with ready-to-wear clothes or garments entails several stages, starting with the prototype or idea and finishing with the final product. Product Design, Fabric Selection, Pattern making, Grading, Marking, Spreading, Cutting, Sewing, Pressing, Finishing, Dyeing and Washing, QC, and so on are all part of the apparel production process in the garments industry.
Apparel Production Process:
1. Fabrics Relaxing
The primary aim of the apparel production process is to relax and contract the fabrics. So that they are ready for the apparel production process after the complete fabric manufacturing process. Fabrics subjected to strain at several stages of the production process, which may cause shrinkage. As a result, fabric relaxation causes it to shrink first, reducing shrinkage during consumer use.
2. Form Layout and Cutting
Once the cloth has relaxed or spreading, staff cut it into uniform piles and lay it out to begin the cutting process. A computer-controlled device spreads the fabric. The aim of the spreading phase is to identify fabric defects, check tension and slack, and ensure that each fabric is aligned correctly.
The staff chooses the number of plies to scatter based on the fabric form and scale of the dress order. They then use a computerized cutting machine to lay the fabric designs on top of the spread. A garment type in the desired shape is the end product.
3. Fabrics Laying or Spreading
Fabric laying is the shape of fabric piles. These are spread during the fabric spreading in the apparel production process. Specific procedures and guidelines must be followed during the laying process. Workers start by laying significant bits, then organize the smaller ones. To save the fabric used in the process, the smaller parts may be inserted directly. Since this action involves spreading, laying, and cutting hundreds of objects, it will save a significant amount of money. To be more precise, there are a few guidelines that must follow to ensure that the fabric will appropriately use and cost-effective.
4. Pattern Marking
Pattern Marking procedure may carry out manually or with the aid of a computerized labeling system in the apparel production process. The marker planner first selects full-size patterns before placing them on the marker pad. It can handle a lot of bad weather if it’s well protected.
Markers are essential for planning the cutting process. A spreading system equips the cloth inlets with about 100 layers and markers as soon as they reach the cutting area. A supervisor oversees this process to ensure that it runs smoothly.
5. Fabric Cutting
The most important action in the cutting room is fabric cutting. Staff begins with the crucial stepping of cutting after completing the scattering, lying, and marking. “Once it’s chopped, there’s no turning back,” as the saying goes, and that is precisely the only maxim of the cutting space.
If there are some problems with the cutting; it assumed that the stitching process. As well as the end product will affect. There is little that can be done to correct those severe flaws. To complete the cutting process, a cutting machine with a straight and sharp knife uses.
6. Sorting and Bundling
After cutting, ply numbering is done to all the apparel components. This process is included to avoid color variation in the garment components of the same garment. In a single apparel production process system numbering, sorting and bundle are not required.
Sorting and Bundling are done and stored in the cutting room. A ticket number or bundle tag represent to the bundle to identify the component. Place all of the cut pieces together in sets until the cut is complete. To maximize production, group related tasks together so that people can do the same job at the same time and eventually reduce production speed. Consider if you brush your teeth on a daily basis. You’ve already devised a technique that makes you more effective at it by now.
7. Embroidering and Screen Printing
The embroidery and screen printing process has to be performed based on the direct request of the buyer. The main reason for this is that sports brands can order the printing of specific images on T-shirts. The production line includes 10 to 20 embroidery stations that automatically apply the same embroidery patterns to many garments at the same time. On the other hand, the screen printing process applies paint-based graphics to garments. These printers use presses and textile dryers.
Sewing is the most important part of the apparel production process in garments. After gathering all of the pieces of clothing by size, color, and quantity, they are ready for the next phase of weaving or sewing. The cut shipped with packets of parts in this situation, and the worker sews the same amount of the garment before passing the part to the next worker to stitch the next part. This maxim reduces the time it takes to finish stitching an entire garment.
9. Quality Checking
Perfect quality checking or QC section is representative of the best garments industry. However, it is reasonable to expect that in a factory with proper checking or quality management systems, a certain proportion of garments would be refused for one purpose or another. Setting a standard as a commodity standard, measuring performance outcomes, and taking corrective steps if there are any inconsistencies in the plans is the easiest way to handle quality tests.
10. Spot Cleaning and Laundry
In addition to identifying production defects, cosmetic defects, stains, or other stains on clothing must also ensure quality. Colors are often marked with a sticker and taken to the spot-cleaning area. Where the garment cleaned with the help of steam, hot water, or chemical stain removers.
Workers need to ensure the proper assembly of garments without any production defects. Therefore, all garments are taken to the laundry in the factory.
- Fusing and Pressing
There are two crucial stages that determine the garments’ final appearance. If fussing lays the groundwork, pressing gives the garments their final seal. To finish fussing and pushing, hand irons with vacuum press tables, scissors presses, carousel machines, and steam dolly are used.
11. Apparel Packaging & Shipment
The garments are folded, tagged, and assembled according to the customer’s size and preferences in the final stages of product preparation. Additionally, fabrics can store manually or in protective plastic bags using an automatic method. That gives the guarantee that the material is safe and pressurize during packaging before packaged in cardboard boxes and delivered to the distribution center. Then the apparel production process is complete after the shipment of the apparel.
This is Mahedi Hasan, a Textile Engineer, as well as a textile blogger, and web developer. My department is Apparel Engineering. I have studied in B.Sc. in Textile Engineering from Textile Engineering College, Noakhali (TECN). Now working with Textile Update 24 as Chief of Press & Management. I am passionate about Textile Blogging about textiles technology, Défense affairs, Science & Technical issues. I am the founder and CEO Textile Details website.