Designing of Water and Windproof Garments

Md Mahedi Hasan

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In functional apparel, the design of water and windproof garments plays a crucial role in enhancing wearer comfort and protection. This comprehensive analysis delves into the intricacies of crafting these garments, from the sweat-wicking inner layers to the outer shell fabric’s water and wind resistance.

Image: Design of Water and Windproof Garments
Image: Water and Windproof Garments

Discover the choice of materials, innovative features, and design considerations that contribute to creating garments that shield against the elements and prioritize comfort and affordability.

Image: Design of Water and Wind Proof Garments

Designing of Water and Windproof Garments

Inner layers: 

– The purpose of the inner layer is to draw the sweat away from the skin to the next layer, which makes the wearer more comfortable and feels warmer 

– The inner layer may use synthetic materials, wool, cotton, and silk.  

– Synthetic materials such as polyester and micro-fiber-based fabrics are good choices as they do not absorb moisture but may transfer it well. It is comparatively cheap as well.

Image: Designing of Water and Wind Proof Garments
Image: Designing of Water and Wind Proof Garments


– The function of the mid-layer is to provide additional insulation. 

– Wool, fleece, down, synthetic fiberfill, and cotton may be used. 

– Among these materials, synthetic fiberfill is widely used as it performs better and is cheaper.

Image: Designing of Water and Wind Proof Garments
Image: Designing of Water and Wind Proof Garments

Outer Shell fabric: 

– Should be both waterproof and windproof. However, the degree of resistance depends on the type of fabric.

– The cheapest and most widely available waterproofs are light PU-coated nylon.  

Gore-tex/Breathable fabric is used as an outer fabric for expensive garments 

– DWR finish increases the performance of the outer shell fabric

Image: Designing of Water and Wind Proof Garments

• Should have a concealed hood 

• Hood should be detachable 

• Should have an adjustable drawstring at the opening of the hood 

• Adjustable hems and draw cords should be used to regulate temperature. 

• Should have both external and internal pockets. Exterior pockets are hand warmers, and internal pockets should be zip-closed.

• Frontal zips are a vital area from which the jacket can lose heat. Overlap panels/flaps can help prevent this. The zipper flap is attached with Velcro for better performance.  

• The cuff should be elasticated so that it may not drive away heat 

• Elasticated drawstring may be used in the chest to preserve heat better 

Cutting of fabric should be designed in such a way that reduces the amount of stitching.


In conclusion, designing water and windproof garments involves a thoughtful combination of materials and features. From the moisture-wicking properties of inner layers to the insulating function of mid-layers and the critical considerations for the outer shell fabric, every aspect contributes to the overall effectiveness of the garment.

Image: Designing of Water and Wind Proof Garments
Image: Designing of Water and Wind Proof Garments

Incorporating features such as concealed hoods, adjustable drawstrings, and elasticated cuffs demonstrates a commitment to practicality and user comfort. By understanding these design principles, manufacturers can produce garments that withstand the elements and provide a superior and enjoyable wearing experience.

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