What is Organic Cotton? Advantage | Disadvantage

Md Mahedi Hasan

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Organic cotton has gained significant attention in recent years due to its environmental and health benefits. Unlike conventional cotton, which is grown using synthetic chemicals and pesticides, organic cotton is cultivated through sustainable farming practices. Let’s delve deeper into what organic cotton is and why it’s becoming increasingly popular.

What is Cotton Organic?

Cotton that is grown organically without the use of any fertilizer or pesticides is called organic cotton. It is also known as bio-cotton.

Organic Cotton

What Makes Cotton Organic?

Farming Practices:

Organic cotton is grown using methods that have a minimal impact on the environment. Farmers avoid the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Instead, they rely on natural alternatives like compost and crop rotation to maintain soil fertility and control pests.


To ensure authenticity, organic cotton farms must adhere to strict certification standards. Organizations such as the Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) monitor the entire supply chain, from cultivation to processing, to ensure compliance with organic principles.


  1. Protecting surface and groundwater quality.
  2. Reduced risk of insect attacks.
  3. Anti-Allergenic.
  4. Moisture absorbency is higher than any cotton.


  1. Farming and production are inexpensive.
  2. Avoid cotton with added chemicals.
Organic Cotton

Difference between Organic Cotton and Conventional Cotton

AspectOrganic CottonConventional Cotton
Farming PracticesCultivated using sustainable methods without synthetic chemicalsRelies on synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, and GMO seeds
CertificationsCertified by organizations like GOTS for adherence to standardsOften lacks certifications for environmental and social impact
Environmental ImpactPromotes soil health, biodiversity, and water conservationCan lead to soil degradation, water pollution, and habitat loss
Health BenefitsFree from chemical residues, safer for skin and respiratory healthExposure to pesticides and chemicals can pose health risks
CostMay have slightly higher upfront cost due to production methodsLower initial cost, but hidden environmental and health costs
YieldGenerally lower yield compared to conventional cotton farmingHigher yield due to intensive use of synthetic inputs
Impact on SoilHelps maintain soil fertility and structureCan deplete soil nutrients and lead to erosion and degradation
Water UsageRequires less water due to efficient irrigation methodsOften involves excessive water usage and irrigation
Global Market ShareGrowing market share as demand for sustainable textiles risesDominates the global cotton market with large-scale production
Organic Cotton Vs Conventional Cotton

Certifications and Standards

GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard):

GOTS is a leading certification for organic textiles, ensuring that products meet strict environmental and social criteria. It covers every stage of production, from harvesting raw materials to labeling and packaging.

Other Certifications:

In addition to GOTS, there are other certifications such as OEKO-TEX Standard 100 and Fair Trade that promote ethical and sustainable practices in the textile industry.

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