Quality Control in Garments Industry

Md Mahedi Hasan

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If you are looking for accurate information about quality control in garments industry then you have arrived in the perfect place.

What is the Quality of a Garment?

Generally, quality means a reasonable standard that customers accept. In the garments industry, quality means “there will be no stains in the garments industry. Quality means “ there will be no stains in garments cloth faults, sewing defects, only of buttons or button holes, will have no sizes on of measurements, and after washing, colors will not fade or no shrinkage will happen, and during use, it will not be easily torn or damaged.”

Image: Quality Control in Garments Industry
Image: Quality Control in the Garments Industry

What are the factors that influence consumer’s perception of quality?

Factors influencing customer’s perception of quality are:

  1. Price: Tends to associate quality with a higher price. Estimates of quality affected by price
  2. Technology: Indicates factors such as seam length fabric, color fastness, shrinkage, or any other price-related properties.
  3. Psychology: A garment can be reasonably priced and the best that technology can offer, but if it is not attractive or aesthetic, the garment will not satisfy the customer.
  4. Time orientation: Includes durability; of course, the importance of durability varies with categories of garments; that is, children’s garments are more durable than ladies’ high fashion garments.
  5. Contractual: Refers to the product guarantee, and refund policy of a store.
  6. Ethical: Refers to the honesty of advertising, courtesy of sales personnel, and so on.

Why is quality essential?

Quality is not just about meeting certain standards; it is a fundamental aspect of business success that impacts customer satisfaction, brand reputation, and overall organizational performance.

What is an inspection? Dhttps://textiledetails.com/apparel-production-process-in-garments/escribe the inspection loop and the necessity of inspection.

The inspection to control the quality of garments is mainly meant to examine with bare eyes.


Checking the fabric of garments, sewing button, thread, and zipper measurements of garments with standard processes is called inspection.

The major purpose of the inspection is to identify the flaws at the earliest possible steps for the production of garments, and the earlier the defects are detected, the lesser the waste of time and money.

Inspection loop:

Inspection Identify crisis Inform the concerned authority Identify causes of defects

3 stages of inspection in garment industries:

  1. Raw material inspection
  2. In processes inspection
  3. Final inspection

Explain 4-point System.

In this system, the number of defect points in 100 yd2 of fabrics is determined through inspection. If the defect points in each 100 yd2 of fabrics are≥ 40, then that fabric is rejected. Based on price and quality, the acceptability of defect points may be determined by more than 40, but also, in that case, it depends on the understanding of the buyer and selflessness. 

Image: Fabrics is Determined Through Inspection
Image: Fabrics is Determined Through Inspection

4. Point charts-

  • Defects up to 3” = 1
  • Defects from 3 – 6” = 2
  • Defects up to 6- 9” = 3
  • Defects more than 9” = 4
  • Holes/ opening is 1” or below = 2
  • Holes /opening is more than 1” = 4

Points per 100 yd2 = (Total points×100)/ Area of examined fabric

Factors of Good Sewing Thread-

i) Thread construction/ ticket number
ii) Sew ability
iii) Imperfections
iv) Finish
v) Color of thread
vi) Package density
vii) Winding
viii) Yardage

Image: Sewing Thread
Image: Sewing Thread

Short notes on Zipper Quality 

The chain or zipper is a particular part of a garment that is defective; the garment may be unfit for wearing.

Issues need to be ensured for zipper quality controls:

i) Dimension
ii) Stops
iii) Uniform color
v) Dimension and color
vi) Slider
vii) Lock
viii) Arrow marks

Image: Chain or Zipper
Image: Chain or Zipper


The minimum percentage of defective units in an inspected lot that will be accepted is called acceptable quality level ( A Q L)

Defective % No. of units / total no. of inspected units ×100

Generally, A Q L of 2.5%, 4.0%, 0.5%, and 10 % are used based on the garments industry’s price and types.

Garments Washing Defects:

  1. Garments discoloration
  2. Shade variation
  3. Poor hand feeling
  4. Lyera out
  5. Washing mark
  6. Care label fading
  7. Off shade
  8. Washing damage
  9. Washing spot
  10. Over washing
  11. High PH level
  12. Poor grinding
  13. Poor hand feel
  14. Poor sandblasting
  15. High abrasion effect
  16. Color bleeding
Image: Spot after Garments Washing
Image: Spot after Garments Washing

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