12 Types of Technical Textiles in Details

Technical textiles are an essential part of the modern world. From medical devices to sporting goods, these materials are used in a wide variety of industries. In this article, Textile Details is going to give you an overview of what technical textile is and how it’s being used today.

At first, Let’s Know what is Technical Textile?

What is Technical Textiles
Technical Textiles Definition

What is Technical Textiles?

Technical textiles are textile components and products that provide technical properties and features. The textile industry has a promising position in technical textiles. It is utilized for the proper use of its functional characteristics and used for manufacturing various applications. Here, we will talk about technical textiles types.

Technical Textiles Types
Technical Textiles Types

Types of Technical Textiles

There are various types of technical textile fabric manufactured in the textile industry. Depending on functionality and properties, technical textiles have a variety of categories.

They provide varied performance and functionality according to the type. Different types of fabric are used for different types of work. Below is a description of the categorization and its applications:

Technical Textiles Functionalities
Technical Textiles Functionalities
  1. Agrotech or Agro-textiles: It’s used in agriculture, horticulture aquaculture, and forestry.
  2. Buildtech or Construction Textiles: Mostly uses in construction and Building.
  3. Clothtech or Clothing Textiles: Used as a material or Clothing and footwear’s technical components.
  4. Geotech or Geotextiles: Road, Highway, brank, etc. constructions.
  5. Hometech: Household and furniture and floorcoverings technical components.
  6. Indutech or Industrial Textiles: Industrial uses like filtration, cleaning conveying, and others.
  7. Medtech or Medical textiles: Used in the Medical and hygiene industry.
  8. Mobiltech or Transport textile: Uses in Manufacturing Automobiles, railways, shipping, and aerospace, etc.
  9. Oekotech or Ecotech: used in oil gas, water transportation system to environment maintains friendly protection.
  10. Packtech or Packaging textiles: Used in the packaging industry.
  11. Protech or Protective textiles: Used in Personal and Medical protection.
  12. Sporttech or Sports textiles: Used in Sportswear and Sports Equipments.

1.    Agrotech (Agro-textiles)

Agrotechnical textiles, often known as agro textiles, are a form of technical textiles. It is a type of cloth used in the agricultural industry. The cloth is strong, rigid, elongated, biodegradable, UV resistant, and toxic-free. All of these characteristics aid in the growing and harvesting of crops and other edibles. The use of biodegradable materials is becoming increasingly popular.

Features of Agrotech:

  • Agrotech provides weed control and soil moisture conservation.
  • Helps to maintain growth of the plants and crops in gardens.
  • Keeps the soil from drying up, resulting in higher agricultural yields.
  • Provide shield farmers from pesticides that are detrimental to their crops.

Application of Agrotech

Agro textiles are used in agriculture for a variety of applications. This specialized cloth has been used in a variety of agricultural applications. Crop covers, crop protectors, nets, lines, and ropes are examples of these applications. Protection of ground matting, winds break, and tobacco cloth are also other applications of Agrotech.

2. Buildtech (Construction Textiles)

Buildtech or Construction Textiles helps technical textile to expand its marketplace. Technical textiles that are used in construction or building purpose is Construction Textiles. This textile material is used in both indoor and outdoor applications for both visible and hidden uses. The use of fabric coverings for roof building is an intriguing and enticing application. Textile architecture is another name for this field.

Features of Buildtech:

  • Has protection against Chemical substances.
  • Buildtech fabrics are of excellent quality and also durable.
  • Plays a significant role in infrastructural modernization.
  • Resists against the effects of chemicals, pollution, and acids in the rain.

Applications of Buildtech

Buildtech textiles are used for sun protection, waterproofing, noise insulation, and air conditioning. This fabric is also used to manufacture visual protection, thermal insulation, building safety, interior construction and other application.

3. Clothtech (Clothing Textiles)

Clothtech is a subset of technical textiles that encompasses all textile materials used in apparel and footwear. Technical textiles for clothing purposes, particularly in the finishing process where the fabric is treated under high pressure and high temperatures, support the fabric and allow for process gradually. This is usually a polyester blend.

Features of Clothtech:

  • Durable, smooth, and lightweight textile.
  • Clothing textile is shrinking, abrasion, and water-resistant.
  • Featured with high temperature and pressure stability.
  • Ensures UV radiations and corrosion resistance.

Application of Clothtech

Clothtech enhances the product with functional qualities that help it achieve particular and crucial goals. Clothtech textile is widely used in the apparel and footwear industry. Various kinds of apparel and footwear applications are manufactured from this fabric. These applications include labels, zip fasteners, interlinings, umbrellas etc. Shoe components like fabric, sole materials, shoelaces, and fillings are the other application of this fabric.

4. Geotech (Geo-textiles)

Geotech or Geotextile is a kind of technical textile manufactured from man-made and natural and fibers. In both the domestic and foreign sectors, geotechnical textiles are gaining acceptance. Worldwide, geo-textiles are increasingly being employed to address infrastructure threats posed by deterioration and natural catastrophes. Geosynthetic goods will have a significant impact on the transportation sector.

Features of Geotech:

  • Geo-textiles are durable, natural, and cost-effective textiles.
  • provides quick and effective protection against corrosion problems.
  • Easy to use and convenient for a variety of purposes.
  • Environmental efficient, low maintenance, and commercial advantage.

Application of Geotech

Geotextile Fabric Applications on Road Construction
Geotextile Fabric Applications on Road Construction

These are employed in embankment reinforcement and building operations. Geotextiles are made of absorbent materials utilized with soils that can separate, filter, protect, or drain. Civil engineering, earth and road building, soil sealing, dam engineering, and drainage systems are among the applications.

5. Hometech (Domestic Textiles)

Hometech is another type of technical textile used in home furnishings and garments. Both synthetic and natural fibers are used in Hometech goods. This textiles market, which includes the upholstered furniture business and interior design, makes up a significant portion of the technical textile market. Hometech is the fourth-largest seller of all technical textiles.

Features of Hometech:

  • Hometech textile is flame-retardant, anti-blotch, and anti-microbial.
  • In the winter, it protects against draughts and prevents heat loss.
  • Durable and has a good texture.
  • Provide excellent protective properties.

Application of Hometech

Hometech textile is used in home furnishings and interior design. A vast of products are made of this woven and nonwoven fabric. Hometech application includes Woven, Nonwoven, knit wipes, sofa-cushion, mattress, table runner, Shirt linings, Platform cloth, Carpet backings, etc.

6. Indutech (Industrial Textiles)

Indutech textile is a sector of technical textile. Technical textiles are proving their worth in yet another industry, providing a boost to the progressive industrial and technological front. Textiles utilized for a variety of industrial applications are referred to as Indutech. Technical textiles encompass products and solutions for mechanical and textile engineering applications.

Features of Indutech:

  • Indutech textile is shrinking, abrasion, and water-resistant.
  • This textile fabric features durability, and texture is finishing.
  • Having high temperature and pressure stability.
  • Resists the effects of chemicals, pollution, and acids in the rain.

Application of Indutech

Indutech Textiles are used for filtering, conveying, cleaning, and other industrial purposes. This textile is progressively being used in practically all significant industries throughout the world. It is used in paper, carbon, ceramic, metal, plastic, woven, nonwoven, and knitted.

7. Medtech (Medical textiles)

MedTech is a term used to describe technical textiles used in the medical and rehabilitation industries. It involves the creation, processing, and use of safe and hygienic products. Medical textiles from the MedTech sector ensure that patients receive the best possible care. MedTech products are among the most advanced technical textiles due to their high process dependability requirements.

Features of Medtech:

  • Medtech textile is resistant to bacteria, viruses, and harmful chemicals.
  • A non-toxicity fabric and it has a nonallergenic response.
  • Excellent durability and better flexibility.
  • Has biocompatibility and stability to sterilization.

Application of Medtech

How Medical Textile Helps in Covid-19 Situations Assuredly
Medical Textile Helps in Covid-19 Situations

Several medical products are made from Medtech textile. Surgical gowns, mattress covers, patient clothing, Surgical hosiery, Surgical clothing all are made of Medtech textile. Surgical dress includes mask, Caps, Wipes, gowns, Uniforms, Beddings, Sheets, Pillow cover Etc.

8. Mobiltech (Textiles used in Transport)

Mobiltech refers to technical textiles used in the automotive and transportation industries. It’s a kind of technical fabric. Automobiles and automotive components, as well as aircraft and railways, are among the applications. Mobiltech is concerned with not only isolation and safety but also comfort and aesthetics.

Features of Mobiltech:

  • Comfortable, functional, and decorative fabrics.
  • Add a decorative accent to surfaces.
  • This textile also provides an excellent, warm, soft touch.

Application of Mobiltech

Tires, various types of tire cords, tire manufacturing, and various types of tires all use Mobiltech Textiles. Top coverings, seat covers, headliners, and carpets are all examples of automobile upholstery. Seat belts, airbags, and helmets are examples of automobile safety features.

9. Oekotech or Ecotech (Eco-friendly textiles)

The use of technical textiles in environment-friendly engineering is referred to as Oekotech or Ecotech. Garbage management of waste, which refers to using Geotextiles materials to secure landfills against leaking toxic materials, is essential. This innovation aids in the reduction of oil extraction while reducing the negative effects on the environment.

Features of Oekotech:

  • Made in Green is assisting in making environmentally conscious decisions.
  • Has a lower carbon footprint than traditional textiles.
  • Provides cost-effective and Eco-friendly sustainable textile products.
  • It cuts down on water usage and hazardous runoff.

Application of Oekotech

Eco-friendly textiles are widely used in Apparel and Fashion Industry. It is also used in the textile industry and home furnishing. Secondary protection is used in the chemical and oil industries, among other things. Health Care and hygiene products, Eco Packaging, and various medical application are also manufactured from this fabric.

10. Packtech (Packaging textiles)

Packaging for textile industrial, agricultural, and other items is referred to as packaging textiles or Packtech. To provide scratch-free and secure handling of delicate items, Textile packaging is an excellent choice. These packagings are incredibly beneficial for transportation and handling in the automotive industry. One of the essential disciplines of technical textiles is packaging material. Textile products are seeing new potential as the demand for reusable packaging textile.

Features of Packtech:

  • Packtech textiles shield you from dangerous chemicals and gases.
  • Ensures waterproofing, flame retardancy, lightness, and breathability.
  • Heavyweight, densely woven fabric is used in packaging textiles.
  • Suitable for industrial, consumer, agricultural, and other goods.

Application of Packtech

Textile as a packaging material, used in the packaging industry. The technical textile products covered under Packtech include Polyolefin Sacks, Wrapping fabric, Leno bags, and Jute Hessian. Teabags, luggage products, Woven sacks, food packages all are also made of Packtech textile.

11. Protech (Protective textiles)

Protective textile is one kind of technical textile that provides excellent protective functionalities. Sometimes it has smart e-textiles properties.  This protective functionality includes chemical protection, heat protection, cold protection, etc. Protective apparel is quite essential in the workplace. This textile has been used to defend against a variety of natural and man-made hazards.

Features of Protech:

  • Lightweight, easy to handle, and has to drape features.
  • Has bacteria, Ultraviolet, microorganism’s resistance.
  • Highly durable, and it is wind and also Water-resistant.
  • Protected from bullets, chemicals, fire, and flame.

Application of Protech

Protective textiles are used to make various protective applications like bulletproof jackets, Heat resistant clothing, Firefighter suits. Space shuttle clothing, chemical hazard clothing, micro-organism protection are all of these are Protech’s applications. All of this is possible thanks to the use of technical fabrics made of high-performance fibers.

12. SportTech (Sports textiles)

SportTech or Sports textiles is a type of technical textile that is used in the sports sector. This fabric is suited for all climates and has a low maintenance cost. The fabric is primarily made from high polyester tire cord fibers. It’s a foam underpad that’s been set down to provide cushioning and protection against hard falls.

Features of Sporttech:

  • Features of ease to adjustable, wear and handling,
  • Offers a higher level of protection than other fabrics.
  • Can shield you from the sun’s harmful UV radiation.
  • Solid and durable and also lightweight.

Application of Sporttech

Sports textiles application can be classified under in 2 categories: Sports Equipments and Sports Wear. Sports equipment like a ball, bat, bike frames, sports nets, tennis rackets, ski and surf equipment are all made from this fabric. Various Sports Wear including shoes, helmets, swimwear, t-shirts, socks, etc. are made of sports textile.

Conclusion:

Finally, we discussed one of the most important innovations that have come out over the last decade, technical textiles. It might seem like just another material at first glance but when you take a closer look, you’ll see that it has changed many aspects of our lives- from medicine hygiene products to athletic wear. So let me know which applications of technical textile changed human life more. And which segment needs to elaborate. We will get into more details according to your comments, till then take care.

Md Mahedi Hasan
Md Mahedi Hasan

About the author

This is Mahedi Hasan, a Textile Engineer, as well as a textile content writer, and web designer. My department is Apparel Engineering. I have studied in B.Sc. in Textile Engineering from Textile Engineering College, Noakhali (TECN). I am passionate about content writing. That's why I established this website to enhance my Textile Blogging skills.

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