What is Viscose Fabric?

Viscose Fabric

Viscose fabric is a silk alternative created from a semi-synthetic rayon fabric manufactured from wood pulp. The drape and smoothness of this fabric are similar to those of the premium cloth. It makes from wood pulp that processes and spins into threads before being used to manufacture fabric. Viscose fabric is one of the world’s most popular fabrics because it is durable and soft to the touch.

How Is Viscose Fabric Made?

Viscose is manufactured from beech, pine, and eucalyptus tree pulp, although it can also manufacture from bamboo fiber. Because of the various chemicals required in the viscose process, such as carbon disulfide and sodium hydroxide (NaOH), Viscose is considered semi-synthetic.

Step-01: The plant is crushed into wood pulp, and chemicals such as sodium hydroxide are dissolved, resulting in a dark wood pulp solution. Following that, the dark wood pulp is cleaned and bleached.

Step-02: The pulp is treated with carbon disulfide and then dissolved in sodium hydroxide to form the viscose solution, which is used to make the fibers.

Step-03: The viscose solution-driven through a spinneret, a mechanism that produces regenerated cellulose fibers.

Step-04: This regenerated Viscose is spun into yarn and woven or knitted into viscose rayon fabric.

viscose rayon fabric
Viscose rayon fabric

Viscose Fabric Properties

Fabric name  Viscose
Composition of fabric Wood cellulose, Synthetic substances
Breathability  High
Yarn count  300-600
Moisture-wicking abilities  High
Stretchability Medium
Abilities of heat retention  Medium
Prone to bubbling  Medium
Washing temperatures Cold
Commonly used in  Clothing, silk alternatives, industrial belts and household items

Types of Viscose Fabric

Viscose can manufacture in a variety of methods, and each technique produces a distinctive sort of fabric. The following are some examples of the many types of Viscose available for industrial use:

a) Nitrocellulose Viscose:

Nitrocellulose Viscose was the first form of Viscose to be created. Nitrocellulose viscose was very flammable and more costly to manufacture than cuprammonium Viscose.

b) Cuprammonium viscose:

Manufacturers began employing cuprammonium viscose for textiles in 1899. In 1904, Viscose makes that felt almost as silky as natural silk. Cuprammonium viscose production halted with the introduction of new viscose manufacturing technologies.

c) Modal Viscose:

Modal Viscose is substantially more potent and tensile than regular rayon, and it’s frequently combined with cotton and spandex to manufacture underwear and bedsheets in the home and on the go. Modal Viscose is less likely to be pill than cotton, and unlike regular Viscose, it can tumble dried.

Characteristics of Viscose fabric

Viscose Fabric
Viscose Fabric

If you’re searching for a lightweight fabric with a lovely drape, a shiny sheen, and a soft feel, Viscose is a terrific choice. It is reasonably priced and may express luxury at a considerably lower price. Cotton, polyester, and spandex are just a few of the other fibers that work nicely with it.

  1. Viscose is light and airy, making it ideal for summer tops and dresses. While the material
    appears to be silk, it is cotton.
  2. It’s a lightweight fabric that doesn’t cling to the body, making it ideal for summer wear. The
    fabric is not stretchy, but it may be combined with other fabrics to create stretch, such as
    spandex.
  3. Viscose does not retain heat but absorbs water and perspiration well, so it is a fantastic fabric
    for t-shirts and athletic clothing. Even after several washes and lengthy periods of usage, Viscose
    may keep color without fading.

What is Viscose fabric used for?

Viscose fabric is used for most applications, it is used to manufacture a broad number of different kinds of apparel, including dresses, shirts, jeans and, dress slacks, as well as domestic products like towels, washcloths, and tablecloths. This lightweight and soft fabric are commonly seen in scarves, shawls, and nightgowns.

Viscose is also used in industrial settings occasionally. Some business owners believe Viscose is a more cost-effective and long-lasting alternative to cotton. Various types of tires and automobile textile products, belts, for example, now use Viscose instead of cotton fibers. The Viscose used in that kind of application is stronger and more elastic than the Viscose used in clothes.

Md Mahedi Hasan
Md Mahedi Hasan

About the author

This is Mahedi Hasan, a Textile Engineer, as well as a textile content writer, and web designer. My department is Apparel Engineering. I have studied in B.Sc. in Textile Engineering from Textile Engineering College, Noakhali (TECN). I am passionate about content writing. That's why I established this website to enhance my Textile Blogging skills.

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